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Ingredient Substitutions

 

Ingredient

Amount Substitution
 
Allspice 1 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon, 1/4 teaspoon ginger, and 1/4 teaspoon cloves
Arrowroot starch 1 teaspoon 1 tablespoon flour, or 1 teaspoon cornstarch
Baking powder 1 teaspoon 1/4 teaspoon baking soda plus 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar OR 1/4 teaspoon baking soda plus 1/2 cup buttermilk (decrease liquid in recipe by 1/2 cup)
Bread crumbs 1 cup 1 cup cracker crumbs or 1 cup ground oats
Brown sugar 1 cup, packed 1 cup white sugar plus 1/4 cup molasses and decrease the liquid in recipe by 1/4 cup or 1 cup white sugar or 1 1/4 cups confectioners' sugar
Buttermilk 1 cup 1 cup yogurt or 1 tablespoon lemon juice
Chervil 1 tablespoon chopped fresh 1 tablespoon chopped fresh parsley
Corn syrup 1 cup 1 1/4 cup white sugar plus 1/3 cup water or 1 cup honey or 1 cup light treacle syrup
Cracker crumbs 1 cup 1 cup bread crumbs or 1 cup ground oats
Cream (half and half) 1 cup 7/8 cup milk plus 1 tablespoon butter
Cream (heavy) 1 cup 1 cup koa or 3/4 cup milk plus 1/3 cup butter
Cream (light) 1 cup 1 cup ekoa or 3/4 cup milk plus 3 tablespoons butter
Cream cheese 1 cup shredded 1 cup plain yogurt, strained overnight in a cheesecloth or 1 cup sandesh
Cream of tartar 1 teaspoon 2 teaspoons lemon juice
Cr²me fraiche 1 cup 1 cup of heavy cream and 1 tbsp of plain yogurt. Let stand for 6 hrs at room temperature
Egg 1 whole (3 tablespoons) 1/2 a banana mashed with 1/2 teaspoon baking powder or 1 tablespoon powdered flax seed soaked in 3 tablespoons water
Evaporated milk 1 cup 1 cup light cream or 1 cup koa
Fats for baking 1 cup 1 cup applesauce or 1 cup fruit puree
Flour - Bread 1 cup 1 cup all-purpose flour plus 1 teaspoon wheat gluten
Flour - Cake 1 cup 1 cup all-purpose flour minus 2 tablespoons
Flour - Self Rising 1 cup 7/8 cup all-purpose flour plus 1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder and 1/2 teaspoon of salt
Ginger - dry 1 teaspoon 2 teaspoons chopped fresh ginger
Ginger - fresh 1 teaspoon, minced 1/2 teaspoon ground dried ginger
Hazelnuts 1 cup whole 1 cup macadamia nuts or 1 cup almonds
Herbs - fresh 1 tablespoon chopped fresh 1 teaspoon chopped dried herbs
Honey 1 cup 1 1/4 cup white sugar plus 1/3 cup water or 1 cup corn syrup or 1 cup light treacle syrup
Hot pepper sauce 1 teaspoon 3/4 teaspoon cayenne pepper plus 1 teaspoon lemon juice
Ketchup 1 cup 1 cup tomato sauce plus 1 teaspoon lemon juice plus 1 tablespoon sugar
Lemon grass 2 fresh stalks 1 tablespoon lemon zest
Lemon juice 1 teaspoon 1 teaspoon lime juice
Lemon zest 1 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon lemon extract or 2 tablespoons lemon juice
Lime juice 1 teaspoon 1 teaspoon lemon juice
Lime zest 1 teaspoon 1 teaspoon lemon zest
Macadamia nuts 1 cup 1 cup almonds or 1 cup hazelnuts
Mace 1 teaspoon 1 teaspoon nutmeg
Mayonnaise 1 cup 1 cup sour cream or 1 cup plain yogurt
Milk - whole 1 cup 1/4 cup dry milk powder plus 1 cup water or 1 cup water or juice
Mint - fresh 1/4 cup chopped 1 tablespoon dried mint leaves
Molasses 1 cup 3/4 cup brown sugar and 1 tsp cream of tartar
Mustard - prepared 1 tablespoon Mix together 1 tablespoon dried mustard, 1 teaspoon water, 1 teaspoon lemon juice and 1 teaspoon sugar
Orange juice 1 tablespoon 1 tablespoon other citrus juice
Orange zest 1 tablespoon 1/2 teaspoon orange extract or 1 teaspoon lemon juice
Parsley 1 tablespoon chopped fresh 1 tablespoon chopped fresh chervil or 1 teaspoon dried parsley
Raisin 1 cup 1 cup dried currants or 1 cup dried cranberries or 1 cup chopped pitted prunes
Saffron 1/4 teaspoon 1/4 teaspoon turmeric
Sour cream 1 cup 1 cup plain yogurt or 1 tbsp lemon juice plus enough cream to make 1 cup or 3/4 cup buttermilk mixed with 1/3 cup butter
Sour milk 1 cup 1 tbsp lemon juice mixed with enough milk to make 1 cup - Let stand 5 minutes to thicken
Sweetened condensed milk 1 (14 ounce) can 3/4 cup white sugar mixed with 1/2 cup water and 1 1/8 cups dry powdered milk - Bring to a boil, and cook, stirring frequently until thickened, about 20 minutes
Vegetable oil - for baking 1 cup 1 cup applesauce or 1 cup fruit puree
Vegetable oil - for frying 1 cup 1 cup ghee
Vinegar 1 teaspoon 1 teaspoon lemon or lime juice
White sugar 1 cup 1 cup brown sugar or 1 1/4 cups confectioners' sugar or 3/4 cup honey or 3/4 cup corn syrup
Yogurt 1 cup 1 cup sour milk or 1 cup sour cream or 1 cup buttermilk

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