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Glossary

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Vaidurya-maëi a spiritual gem that can display different colors.
Vaijayanté a garland containing flowers of five colors and reaching down to the knees. It is worn by Lord Kåñëa.
Vaikuëöha the spiritual world, where there is no anxiety.
Vairägya renunciation.
Vaiñëava a devotee of Lord Viñëu, or Kåñëa.
Vaiñëava-aparädha an offence to a devotee of the Lord.
Vaiñëava-dharma the eternal principle of service to the Supreme Lord, Viñëu.
Vaiçya a farmer or merchant; the third Vedic social order.
Vaivasvata Manu the current Manu, the seventh of fourteen Manus.
Vaiyäsaki Çukadeva Gosvämé, son of Vyäsa.
Välméki the author of the original [åämäyaëa].
Vämana the incarnation of the Supreme Lord as a dwarf [brähmaëa.] Bali Mahäräja surrendered to him.
Vänaprastha one who has retired from family life; the third order of Vedic spiritual life.
Vandana the devotional process of offering prayers to the Lord.
Vaëik a merchant.
Varäha the incarnation of the Supreme Lord as a boar.
Varëas the four Vedic social-occupational divisions of society, distinguished by quality of work and situation in the modes of n ature ([guëas]). [See also: Brähmaëa; Kñatriya; Vaiçya] and [Çüdra].
Varëa-saìkara children conceived without regard for Vedic religious principles; thus, unwanted population.
Varëäçrama-dharma the Vedic social system of four social and four spiritual orders. [See also: Varëa; Äçrama]
Varuëa the demigod in charge of the oceans.
Vasiñöha one of the great sages born directly from Lord Brahmä. He was a rival of Viçvämitra.
Vaçitva the mystic ability to control others' minds.
Vasudeva the father of Kåñëa, and half-brother of Nanda Mahäräja.
Väsudeva the Supreme Lord, Kåñëa, son of Vasudeva and proprietor of everything, material and spiritual.
Väsudeva-paräyaëa one whose desire is fixed on the Supreme Lord.
Vätsalya-rasa a relationship with the Supreme Lord, Kåñëa, wherein the devotee loves the Lord with parental affection.
Vatsäsura a demon who came to Våndävana in the form of a calf to kill Kåñëa but who was instead killed by Him.
Väyu air; the demigod in charge of the wind.
Veda-cakñuù literally, seeing through the eyes of the [Vedas.]
Vedänta the philosophy of the [Vedänta-sutra] of Çréla Vyäsadeva. It contains a conclusive summary of Vedic philosophical knowledge and shows Kåñëa as the goal.
Vedänta-sütra the philosophical treatise written by Vyäsadeva, consisting of aphorisms that embody the essential meaning of the [Upaniñads].
Vedas the four original revealed scriptures ([Åg, Säma, Atharva] and [Yajur].
Veda-väda-rata one who gives his own explanation of the [Vedas;] a [smärta].
Vedic pertaining to a culture in which all aspects of human life are under the guidance of the [Vedas].
Vedic literature the original four [Vedas,] the [Upaniñads, Puräëas] and other supplements, and also all scriptures and commentaries written in pursuance of the Vedic conclusion.
Vena the demoniac son of King Aìga and father of King Påthu.
Vibhinnäàças the separated expansions of the Supreme Lord, the minute living entities.
Vibhüti the opulence and power of the Supreme Lord.
Vidagdha one who is expert in the art of flattering women.
Videha a city in India ruled by King Nimi.
Videharäja Nimi a devotee king, ruler of Videha.
Vidura a great devotee who heard [Çrémad-Bhägavatam] from Maitreya Muni. He was an incarnation of the demigod Yama.
Vidyä knowledge.
Vidyädharas a race of celestial beings who possess material knowledge.
Vidyäpati an author of Vaiñëava poetry who was particularly admired by Lord Caitanya Mahäprabhu.
Vijara not subjected to the miseries of old age.
Vijaya [See:] Jaya and Vijaya
Vijayadhvaja Tértha a Vaiñëava spiritual master in the line of Madhväcärya who was a commentator on [Çrémad-Bhägavatam].
Vijitäçva the eldest son of King Påthu. He is also known as Antardhäna.
Vijïäna realized or practical knowledge.
Vijïäna-maya with full knowledge, that is, conscious of the self as different from matter.
Vikarma sinful work, performed against scriptural injunctions.
Vimüòhas foolish rascals.
Vimukta a liberated person.
Véëä a stringed musical instrument.
Vipra a learned [brähmaëa].
Véra-vrata one who follows his vows heroically.
Vérabhadra the demon created by Lord Çiva to destroy the sacrifice of Mahäräja Dakña.
Viraha transcendental bliss in separation from the Lord.
Véraräghava Äcärya a Vaiñëava spiritual master in the line of Rämänujäcärya who was a commentator on [Çrémad-Bhägavatam].
Viräö-puruña the "universal form" of the Supreme Lord, conceived of as the totality of all material manifestations.
Viräö-rüpa the universal form of the Supreme Lord, conceived of as the totality of all material manifestations.
Viñaya material affairs of sense gratification.
Viñaya-taraìga the waves of material existence.
Viñëu the Supreme Lord; Lord Kåñëa's expansions in Vaikuëöha and for the creation and maintenance of the material universes.
Viñëu-dharma one of the eighteen [Puraëas,] or Vedic historical scriptures.
Viñëu-bhakti devotional service to Lord Viñëu.
Viñëu-mürtis forms of the Supreme Lord.
Viñëu Puräëa one of the eighteen [Puräëas,] or Vedic historical scriptures.
Viñëu-tattva the status or category of Godhead; primary expansions of the Supreme Lord.
Viñëu-yajïa a sacrifice performed for the satisfaction of Lord Viñëu.
Viñëudütas

the messengers of Lord Viñëu, who come at the time of death to take perfected devotees back to the spiritual world. Their transcendentally beautiful forms are clothed in gorgeous yellowish garments and hold a disk, club, conch and lotus in their four hands, resembling Lord Vishnu

Viñëuloka the abode of Lord Viñëu, the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
Viñëupriyä-devé the second wife of Lord Caitanya Mahäprabhu, whom He left to accept [sannyäsa,] the renounced order of life.
Viçoka callous to material distress.
Viçruta the son begotten by the Pracetäs through Märiñä.
Viçuddha-sattva the spiritual platform of pure goodness.
Viçvakarmä the architect of the demigods.
Viçvämitra a prominent sage and rival of Vasiñöha Muni.
Viçvanätha Cakravarté Öhäkura a great Vaiñëava spiritual master in the line of Lord Caitanya Mahäprabhu, and a commentator on [ Çrémad-Bhägavatam] and [Bhagavad-gétä].
Viçvävasu a leader of the Gandharvas, singers in the heavenly planets.
Viväha-yajïa the sacrifice of marriage.
Vivarta-väda the erroneous concept, propounded by followers of Çaìkaräcärya, that manifest existence is only illusory.
Vivasvän the demigod in charge of the sun.
Vraja(bhümi) [See:] Våndävana
Våkñatree
Våndävana Kåñëa's eternal abode, where He fully manifests His quality of sweetness; the village on this earth in which He enacted His childhood pastimes five thousand years ago.
Våndävana däsa Öhäkura the great devotee of Lord Caitanya Mahäprabhu who wrote [Caitanya-bhägavata,] a biography of Lord Caitanya.
Våträsura a great demon killed by Indra. He was actually the devotee Citraketu, who had been cursed to take a low birth.
Vyäsa [See:] Vyäsadeva.
Vyäsa-püjä worship of the compiler of the [Vedas,] Vyäsadeva; worship of the bona fide spiritual master as the representative of Vyäsadeva.
Vyäsadeva the incarnation of Lord Kåñëa who gave the [Vedas, Puräëas, Vedänta-sütra] and [àahäbhärata] to mankind.

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