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Glossary

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Padma the lotus flower held by Lord Viñëu. The padma lotus blooms in the moonlight and closes its petals in the sunlight.
Padma Puräëa one of the eighteen [Puräëas,] or Vedic historical scriptures.
Pädya water ceremoniously offered for washing an honored guest's feet.
Païca-gavya five products from the cow, used in bathing a worshipable person. The are milk, yogurt, ghee, cow urine and cow dung.
Païca-mahäyajïa the five daily sacrifices householders perform to become free from sins committed unintentionally.
païca-ratnaliterally five jewels but can also mean five precious things. Like diamond, sapphire, ruby, pearl, and gold. Or gold, silver, coral, pearl, and räga-paööa
Païcarätra Vedic literatures describing the process of Deity worship. [See also: Närada-païcarätra]
Päïcarätrika-vidhi the devotional process of Deity worship and [mantra] meditation found in the [Païcarätra] literature.
Païca-çasya five kinds of grains: Dhanya (Coriander), Mudga (Green Mung), Tila (Sesame), Yava (Barley), and Sveta-sarshapa (White Mustard seed) or Masha (Lentil)
Païcopäsanä the impersonalists' worship of five deities (Viñëu, Durgä, Brahmä, Gaëeça and Vivasvän) that is motivated by the desire to ultimately abandon all conceptions of a personal Absolute.
Päëòavas Yudhiñöhira, Bhéma, Arjuna, Nakula and Sahadeva, the five warrior-brothers who were intimate friends and devotees of Lo rd Kåñëa.
Paëòita a scholar.
Päëòu the brother of Dhåtaräñöra and father of the five Päëòavas.
Para transcendental.
Parabrahman the Supreme Absolute Truth as the Personality of Godhead, Viñëu, or Kåñëa.
Pärakéya-rasa the relationship between a married woman and her paramour, particularly the relationship between the damsels of Våndävana and Kåñëa.
Paramahaàsa a topmost, swanlike devotee of the Supreme Lord; the highest stage of [sannyäsa].
Paramätmä the Supersoul, a Viñëu expansion of the Supreme Lord residing in the heart of each embodied living entity and pervading all of material nature.
Parameçvara the supreme controller, Lord Kåñëa.
Paramparä a disciplic succession.
Parä prakåti the superior energy of the Supreme Lord.
Parärdha one half of Brahmä's lifetime; 155,520,000,000 years.
Paräçara the great sage who narrated the [Viñëu Puräëa] and was the father of Çréla Vyäsadeva.
Paraçuräma the incarnation of the Supreme Lord who destroyed twenty-one consecutive generations of unlawful members of the rulin g class.
Pärijäta flower a wonderful flower found in the heavenly planets.
Parékñit Mahäräja the emperor of the world who heard [Çrémad-Bhägavatam] from Çukadeva Gosvämé and thus attained perfection.
Parivräjakäcärya the third stage of [sannyäsa,] wherein the devotee constantly travels and preaches.
Pärvaté Saté, Lord Çiva's consort, reborn as the daughter of the king of the Himalayan Mountains .
Päñaëòé an atheist.
Pätälaloka the lowest of the universe's fourteen planetary systems; also, the lower planets in general.
Pataïjali the author of the original [yoga] system.
Paöhana studying the scriptures.
Paugaëòa the period of childhood between age five and ten.
Pauëòraka an enemy of Lord Kåñëa who attempted to imitate Him.
Phala-çrutis Sanskrit verses granting various benedictions.
Piëòa an annual offering made to departed ancestors.
Pitäs forefathers; especially those departed ancestors who have been promoted to one of the higher planets.
Pitåloka the planet of the ancestors, a heavenly planet.
Pitta bile, one of the three main elements of the body.
Prabhäsa-tértha a holy place near Dvärakä.
Prabhu master.
Prabhupäda, Çréla the founder and spiritual preceptor of the Hare Kåñëa movement.
Prabodhänanda Sarasvaté a great Vaiñëava poet-philosopher and devotee of Lord Caitanya Mahäprabhu. He was the uncle of Gopäla Bhaööa Gosvämé.
Pracetäs the ten sons of King Präcénabarhi. They achieved perfection by worshiping Lord Viñëu.
Präcénabarhi a king who, entangled in fruitive activities, received instructions on devotional service from Närada Muni.
Pradhäna the total material energy in its unmanifest state.
Pradyumna one of the four original expansions of Lord Kåñëa in the spiritual world.
Prahläda Mahäräja a devotee persecuted by his demoniac father Hiraëyakaçipu but protected and saved by the Lord in the form of Nrsiàhadeva.
Prajäpatis the demigods in charge of populating the universe.
Prajäs citizens (including all species of life).
Präkämya the mystic ability to fulfil any of one's desires.
Prakaöa-lélä the manifestation on earth of the Supreme Lord's pastimes.
Präkåta-sahajiyäs pseudo devotees of Krsna.
Prakåti the energy of the Supreme; the female principle enjoyed by the male [puruña].
Pramadä woman, to whom a man becomes madly attached.
Pramatta one who is crazy because he cannot control his senses.
Pramlocä the daughter of the sage Kaëòu by the heavenly society girl Märiñä. She became the wife of the Pracetäs.
Präëa the life air.
Präëa-maya (consciousness) absorbed in maintaining one's bodily existence.
Präëäyäma breath control used in [yoga] practice, especially [añöäìga-yoga].
Präpti the mystic ability to immediately obtain any material object.
Prasädam the Lord's mercy; food or other items spiritualized by being first offered to the Supreme Lord.
Praçänta undisturbed by the modes of nature.
Prasüti a daughter of Sväyambhuva Manu who was the wife of Dakña.
Pratigraha accepting charity.
Pratyähära withdrawal of the senses from all unnecessary activities.
Pravåtti-märga the path of sense enjoyment in accordance with Vedic regulations.
Präyaçcitta atonement for sinful acts.
Prayojana The ultimate goal
Prema pure love of God, the highest stage in the progressive development of devotional service.
Prema-bhakta a devotee absorbed in pure love of God.
Priyatama dearmost.
Priyavrata the son of Sväyambhuva Manu and brother of Uttänapäda. He once ruled the universe.
Påçni the name of Devaké in a previous birth.
Påthä Kunté, the wife of King Päëdu, mother of the Päëòavas and aunt of Lord Kåñëa.
Påthu Mahäräja an empowered incarnation of Lord Kåñëa who demonstrated how to be an ideal ruler.
Pulaha one of the seven great sages born directly from Lord Brahmä.
Pulastya one of the seven great sages born directly from Lord Brahmä.
Puàçcalé a harlot or unchaste woman.
Puëya-çloka verses that increase one's piety; one who is glorified by such verses.
Puräëas eighteen literary supplements to the [Vedas,] discussing such topics as the creation of the universe, incarnations of th e Supreme Lord and demigods, and the history of dynasties of saintly kings.
Pürtam performance of sacrifice.
Püru the youngest son of King Yayäti. He agreed to exchange his youth for his father's old age.
Purüravä a king who was captivated by the celestial woman Urvaçé.
Puruña the enjoyer, or male; the living entity or the Supreme Lord.
Puruña-avatäras the three primary Viñëu expansions of the Supreme Lord who are involved in universal creation.
Puruñottama Lord Kåñëa, who is the Supreme Person.
Pütanä a witch who was sent by Kaàsa to appear in the form of a beautiful woman to kill baby Kåñëa, but who was instead killed by Him and granted liberation.

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