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Glossary

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B

Bäbäjé a person who dwells alone in one place and leads a life of meditation, penance and austerity.
Badarikäçrama a sacred place of pilgrimage in the Himälayas.
Bahüdaka the second stage of the [sannyäsa] order, in which one begs from door to door.
Bähuka the personifixed sins of King Vena.
Bakäsura a demon who was shaped like a huge duck and who tried to kill Kåñëa.
Baladeva [See:] Balaräma.
Balaräma (Baladeva) the first plenary expansion of Lord Kåñëa. He appeared as the son of Rohiëé.
Bali Mahäräja a king who became a great devotee by surrendering everything to Vämanadeva, the Lord's dwarf-[brähmaëa] incarnation.
Bäëäsura a thousand-armed demon slain by Lord Kåñëa.
Barhiñat [See:] Präcénabarhi
Barhiñmän [See:] Präcénabarhi
Battle of Kurukñetra a battle between the Kurus and the Päëòavas, which took place five thousand years ago and before which Lord Kåñëa spoke [Bhagavad-gétä] to Arjuna.
Bhagavad-gétä the discourse between the Supreme Lord, Kåñëa, and His devotee Arjuna expounding devotional service as both the principal means and the ultimate end of spiritual perfection.
Bhagavän the Supreme Lord, who possesses all opulences in full.
Bhägavata Puräëa this scripture, [Çrémad-Bhägavatam].
Bhägavata-vidhi the devotional process of serving pure devotees and preaching [Çrémad-Bhägavatam].
Bhajana any of various practices of direct worship of the Lord, especially hearing and chanting (or singing) His glories.
Bhajanänandé a devotee who performs his devotional activities in seclusion, not attempting to preach.
Bhakta a devotee of the Supreme Lord.
Bhakta-vatsala the Supreme Lord, who favors His devotees.
Bhakti devotional service to the Supreme Lord.
Bhakti-devé the personification of devotional service.
Bhakti-märga the path of developing devotion to Kåñëa.
Bhakti-rasämåta-sindhu Rüpa Gosvämé's definitive explanation of the science of devotional service.
Bhaktisiddhänta Sarasvaté Öhäkura (1874 - 1937) the spiritual master of the author, Çréla A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami, and thus the spiritual grandfather of the present-day Kåñëa consciousness movement. A powerful preacher, he founded sixty-four maths (temple-äçramas) throughout India .
Bhaktivedäntas advanced transcendentalists who have realized the conclusion of the [Vedas] through devotional service.
Bhaktivinoda Öhäkura (1838 - 1915) the great-grandfather of the present-day Kåñëa consciousness movement. He was the spiritual ma ster of Çréla Gaurakiçora däsa Bäbäjé and father of Çréla Bhaktisiddhänta Sarasvaté.
Bhakti-yoga linking with the Supreme Lord through devotional service.
Bharata Mahäräja an ancient king of India from whom the Päëòavas descended. A great devotee of the Lord, he developed an attachment causing him to take birth as a deer. In his net life, as the [brähmaëa] Jaòa Bharata, he attained spiritual perfection.
Bhärata-varña India , named after King Bharata.
Bhäraté [See:] Sarasvaté.
Bhäva the preliminary stage of ecstatic love of God.
Bhéñma the noble general respected as the "grandfather" of the Kuru dynasty. He was the most powerful and oldest warrior in the Battle of Kurukñetra. He is recognized as one of the chief authorities on devotional service to the Lord.
Bhoga sense gratification; food not offered to the Lord.
Bhågu the most powerful of the sages born directly from Brahmä.
Bhukti material enjoyment.
Bhür the lower material planets.
Bhüti opulence.
Bhuvar the middle material planets.
Bihar a state in north-western India .
Bila-svarga the subterranean heavens.
Bilvamaìgala Öhäkura a great devotee-author whose works include the [Kåñëa-karëämåta].
Brahmä the first created living being and secondary creator of the material universe.
Brahma-bhüta the joyful state free of material contamination; liberation.
Brahmacäré one in the first order of spiritual life; a celibate student of a spiritual master.
Brahmacarya celibate student life; the first order of Vedic spiritual life.
Brahma-jijïäsä inquiry into the Absolute Truth.
Brahmajyoti the spiritual effulgence emanating from the transcendental body of Lord Kåñëa and illuminating the spiritual world.
Brahmaloka the highest planet of the universe, that of the demigod Brahmä.
Brähma-muhürta the period of the day just before dawn. It is especially favorable for spiritual practices.
Brahman (1) the individual soul; (2) the impersonal, all-pervasive aspect of the Supreme; (3) the Supreme Personality of Godhead ; (4) the [mahat-tattva,] or total material substance.
Brähmaëa a person wise in Vedic knowledge, fixed in goodness and knowledgeable of Brahman, the Absolute Truth; a member of the first Vedic social order.
Brähmaëa thread a multi-stranded thread worn by [brähmaëas] across the left shoulder and chest.
Brahmänanda the pleasure of realizing the spiritual effulgence of the Lord.
Brahmäëòas universes.
Brahma-räkñasa a man-eating demon who was a fallen [brähmaëa] in his last life.
Brahmarñi a title meaning "sage among the [brähmaëas]."
Brahma-saàhitä a very ancient Sanskrit scripture recording the prayers of Brahmä to the Supreme Lord, Govinda.
Brahma-saukhya spiritual happiness, which is unobstructed and eternal.
Brahmästra a nuclear weapon produced by chanting [mantras].
Brahma-sütra the [Vedänta-sütra.]
Brahma-tejas the potency of a [brähmaëa].
Brahmavädés impersonalists among the transcendentalists.
Båhan-näradéya Puräëa one of the eighteen [Puräëas,] or Vedic historical scriptures.
Båhaspati the spiritual master of King Indra and chief priest of the demigods.
Buddha an incarnation of the Supreme Lord who, by bewildering the atheists stopped them from misusing the [Vedas].
Buddhi-yoga another term for [bhakti-yoga] (devotional service to Lord Kåñëa), indicating that it represents the highest use of one's intelligence ([buddhi]).

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