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Glossary

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A

Äbhäsa

shadow

Abhidheya the regulated activities of the soul for reviving his relationship with the Lord; devotional service.
Abhimanyu

the heroic son Arjuna and Subhadrä. He was killed by the Son of Duùçäsana. (Droëa Parva in Mahäbhärata)

Abhiñeka a bathing ceremony, particularly for the coronation of a king or the installation of the Lord's Deity form.
Absolute Truth the ultimate source of all energies.
Äcamana purification by sipping water and chanting names of the Lord, especially during a sacrifice.
Äcärya an ideal teacher, who teaches by his personal example; a spiritual master.
Acintya

inconceivable

Acintya-bhedäbheda-tattva Lord Caitanya's doctrine of the "inconceivable oneness and difference" of God and His energies.
Acintya-çakti the inconceivable energy of the Supreme Lord.
Acit without life or consciousness.
Acyuta the Supreme Lord, who can never fall down from His position.
Adbhuta the [rasa] (devotional sentiment) of wonder or amazement.
Adharma irreligion.
Adhibhautika misery misery caused by other living beings.
Adhidaivika misery misery caused by nature.
Adhidaivika powers the administrative functions delegated by the Lord to demigods, such as control over rain, wind and sun.
Adhokñaja the Supreme Lord, who is beyond material sense perception.
Adhyätmika misery misery caused by one's own body and mind.
Ädi-puruña the Supreme Lord, Kåñëa, the original person.
Aditi the mother of the demigods.
Ädityas the demigods who are descendants of Kaçyapa Muni's wife Aditi.
Advaita Prabhu an incarnation of Viñëu who appeared as a principal associate of Lord Caitanya Mahäprabhu.
Advaita-vädés atheistic philosophers who say all distinctions are but material illusions. [See also:] Mäyävädés.
Aghäsura the python-shaped demon sent by Kaàsa to kill Kåñëa.
Agni the demigod of fire.
Agnihotra-yajïa the ceremonial fire sacrifice performed in Vedic rituals.
Ahaà brahmäsmi the Vedic aphorism "I am spirit."
Ahaà mämeti the false conception of "I" and "mine."
Ahaìgraha-upäsanä self-worship, not recommended for anyone other than God.
Ahaìkära false ego, by which the soul misidentifies with the material body.
Ahiàsä non-violence.
Aja the unborn; the Supreme Lord.
Äjagara-våtti the life pattern of a python.
Ajämila a fallen [brähmaëa] who was saved from hell by chanting the name of Lord Näräyaëa at the time of death
Ajïäta-sukåti pious or devotional activity performed accidentally, without knowledge of its effect.
Akäma free from material desire.
Akäma-bhakta one who serves the Lord without material motive.
Akarma "non-action"; devotional activity for which one suffers no reaction.
Akiïcana-gocara Lord Kåñëa, who is easily approached by those who are materially exhausted.
Akrüra an uncle of Lord Kåñëa.
Akñauhiëé a military division consisting of 21,870 chariots, 21,870 elephants, 109,350 infantrymen and 65,610 horses.
Äküti one of Sväyambhuva Manu's three daughters. She was the wife of Ruci.
Amara-koça dictionary a dictionary of the Sanskrit language.
Ambaréña Mahäräja a great devotee king who perfectly eecuted all nine devotional practices (hearing, chanting, etc.).
Ambuja lotus The ambuja lotus opens during the day and closes with the moonrise at night
Aàça an expansion of the Supreme Lord.
Änakadundubhi another name of Vasudeva, the father of Kåñëa.
Änanda spiritual bliss.
Änanda-cinmaya-rasa-vigraha the personal, spiritual form of bliss and knowledge.
Änandamaya full of bliss in spiritual realization; Kåñëa conscious.
Ananta the Lord's thousand-headed serpent incarnation, who serves as the bed of Viñëu and sustains the planets on His hoods.
Anartha-nivåtti a stage in the progressive development of devotion to Lord Kåñëa in which one is freed from unwanted desires and karmic reactions.
Aìga Mahäräja the father of King Vena.
Aìgirä one of the seven great sages born directly from Brahmä.
Aniläyäma the discipline of controlling the breathing process.
Aëimä the mystic power to become as small as an atom.
Aniruddha one of the four original expansions of Lord Kåñëa in the spiritual world; also, a grandson of Lord Kåñëa.
Annamaya (consciousness) absorbed only in food.
Anna-präçana the ceremony of offering a child his first food grains; one of the ten purificatory [saàskäras].
Antardhäna Vijitäçva, the eldest son of King Påthu.
Antarikña outer space.
Antaryämé the expansion of the Supreme Lord situated in everyone's heart as the Supersoul.
Antyajas one of the seven mixed castes lower than [çüdra].
Anubhäva the resultant outward manifestations of a devotee's loving sentiments for Kåñëa.
Aparä-prakåti the inferior, material energy of the Lord (matter).
Apavarga liberation from [pavarga,] the miseries of material existence.
Apipäsä desiring only to perform devotional service to Kåñëa.
Apräkåta transcendental to material nature.
Aprameya immeasurable.
Apsaräs the dancing girls of heaven.
Ärati a ceremony for greeting the Lord with chanting and offerings of food, lamps, fans, flowers and incense.
Arcana the procedures followed for worshiping the [arcä-vigraha].
Arcä-vigraha the form of God manifested through material elements, as in a painting or statue of Kåñëa worshiped in a temple or home. Present in this form, the Lord personally accepts worship from His devotees.
Arci the wife of King Påthu.
Arghya a ceremonious offering, in a conchshell, of water and other auspicious items.
Arjuna one of the five Päëòava brothers. Kåñëa became his chariot driver and spoke the [Bhagavad-gétä] to him.
Artha economic development.
Aryamä the demigod in charge of Pitåloka, the planet where qualified departed ancestors reside.
Äryan a civilized follower of Vedic culture; one whose goal is spiritual advancement.
Äsanas sitting postures in [yoga] practice.
Asat not eternal.
Asita an ancient authority on the [Vedas].
Äçrama one of four spiritual orders of life. [See also: Brahmacarya - student life; Gåhastha - householder life; Vänaprastha - retirement; Sannyäsa - renunciation].
Añöakä the eighth day after the full moon.
Añöäìga-yoga the eight-stage mystic [yoga] system propounded by Pataïjali. It consists of [yama] and [niyama] (moral practices), [äsana] (bodily postures), [präëäyäma] (breath control), [pratyähära] (sensory withdrawal), [dhäraëä] (steadying the mind), [dhyäna] (meditation) and [samädhi] (deep contemplation on Viñëu within the heart).
Añöa-siddhis the eight mystic perfections acquired by [yoga] practice.
Asura a person opposed to the service of the Lord.
Äçutoña Lord Çiva, who is easily pleased.
Açvamedha-yajïa a Vedic horse sacrifice.
Açvatthämä the nefarious son of the great military teacher Droëäcärya. He murdered the children of the Päëòavas.
Açviné deities demigods in charge of the nostrils and sense of smell.
Atharva Veda one of the four [Vedas,] the original revealed scriptures spoken by the Lord Himself.
Ätmä the self (the body, the mind, the intellect, the Supersoul or the individual soul).
Ätma-nivedana the devotional process of surrendering everything to the Lord.
Ätmäräma one who is self-satisfied, free from eternal, material desires.
Ätma-tattva spiritual science.
Atri one of the seven great sages born directly from Brahmä; father of the Lord's incarnation Dattätreya.
Avadhüta a very saintly and renounced person who may live outside regulative principles, having surpassed any need for them.
Avaiñëava a non-devotee.
Avara material.
Avatära a descent, or incarnation, of the Supreme Lord.
Äveça [See: Çakty-äveça]
Avidyä ignorance.
Avyakta un-manifest.
Äyur-veda the Vedic scriptures containing medical science.

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